Vauxhall Cross, Nine Elms and Battersea
A Photographic History
These web pages contain a photographic history of the development of the south bank of the Thames in central London between Vauxhall Bridge and the Battersea Power Station. They include historical images, but in particular record the transformation of the area following the planning decisions, early in the twenty-first century, to encourage the construction of:-
(a) a large number of high rise buildings around Vauxhall Cross, and
(b) a new American Embassy and large numbers of residential buildings along Nine Elms Lane.
- This page mainly contains historical and other photos taken before major redevelopment began around 2013.
- The next page contains photos etc. taken around the time that the bus station was built, the gyratory created, and St George Wharf constructed.
- Then there are photos etc. taken in 2013 and 2014 as the further development got under way.
- Photos taken in 2015 may be found here, and those taken in early and late 2016 are here and here.
- Photos taken in 2017 are here.
- This page contains artists impressions and models showing how the developers thought the area would eventually look.
Copyright in the images in these web pages remains with those who own them and/or took the original photographs - but you are welcome to download the full size images for your own personal or educational use. Please email Martin Stanley if you have any questions about copyright and/or wish to use any of the images for commercial purposes.
Let's start with Lambeth Riverside in 1750 ...
... and Nine Elms riverside - just past Vauxhall looking towards Battersea - again around 1750-60.
... followed by Vauxhall Village in 1825.
Here is the first Vauxhall Bridge:
This is Vauxhall Bridge in 1908:
And 1908 was the year that a developer imagined Dream City - London's answer to Coney Island's Dreamland. Ironically, perhaps, the site was instead used for the Battersea Power Station which is now being turned into an entertainment complex.
This is an interesting map of the tram lines and roads around Vauxhall Cross;
Here is Vauxhall Cross in 1912:
And here is the same view in 2013:
This next photo is from an Evening Standard article November 1937: "Biggest Traffic Roundabout to be Ready in April". It is taken looking along the South Lambeth Road from near the Royal Vauxhall Tavern:
A [Not very serious?] proposal for a City Airport downstream of Lambeth Bridge. (Image provided by Andrew Orange via his Tradescant Blog):
Here is Vauxhall Bridge around 1957:
This 1962 scheme for improving traffic flow at Vauxhall Cross didn't get very far ...
... and neither did this 1963 proposal for a 'Crystal Span' to replace Vauxhall Bridge. According to Wikipedia:
The Glass Age Development Committee was established in 1937 by Pilkington to promote the use of glass as a building material in the UK. It commissioned designs for many large-scale schemes, none of which were ever built. Notable schemes included a proposal in 1955 to demolish the entire area of Soho and rebuild it entirely in glass; a 1957 proposal for the replacement of St Giles Circus in London with a 150-foot (46 m) tall glass heliport; and the 1963 "Crystal Span" proposal for the replacement of London's Vauxhall Bridge with a seven-story glass building straddling the River Thames, which was to have contained a shopping mall, luxury hotel, residential development and a museum to house the modern art collection now housed at Tate Modern.
The Committee is best known for its ambitious 1971 proposal for a glass and concrete offshore city housing 21,000 people, to be anchored off the coast near Great Yarmouth and accessed from the mainland by hovercraft. The development was to have been called Sea City. The structure would have been 4,700 feet (1,400 m) long and 3,300 feet (1,000 m) wide, and would have rested on concrete islands supported by piers. It was intended that the development would have been economically self-sufficient thanks to boatbuilding workshops, fish farming, and the export of fresh water from an onboard desalination plant, while a lagoon in the centre of the development would support a tourist industry based on skin diving and water skiing.
A 1979 plan to build a Green Giant next to Vauxhall Bridge, on the site now occupied by the MI6 building, caused considerable controversy, despite the fact that the site had been awaiting development for 21 years. Although it would have in fact have been grey, not green, the design was nevertheless described as 'audacious', featuring 'a slim slab, 30 stories high, in full view of the Palace of Westminster'. There would have been 34,000 square metres of residential space, and 5,600 square metres of exhibition space. Government Minister Michael Heseltine eventually ruled against allowing the development to proceed. An artist's impression is on the right, and a plan is below.
The site was eventually used to build the Terry Farrell designed SIS/MI6 building which was completed in 1994:-
This is an artist's impression of the Barrett's Beer Bottling Stores ...
... which became the Bondway Business Centre. Photo taken in 2013:
The Thames foreshore looking southwest in 2000. The wooden stumps are the remains of a bronze age bridge or jetty: